Okhotskoye More, 590,000 sq mi (1,528,100 sq km), northwest arm of the Pacific Ocean, W of the Kamchatka peninsula and the Kuril Islands. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Finnish Translation for Sea of Okhotsk - dict.cc English-Finnish Dictionary The Sea of Okhotsk is the coldest sea of East Asia; in winter the climate and thermal regime over much of the region differ only slightly from those found in the Arctic. part of the NW Pacific, surrounded by the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Kurile Islands, Sakhalin Island, and the E coast of Siberia. https://www.britannica.com/place/Sea-of-Okhotsk. Except for the small area touching Hokkaido, the sea is completely enclosed by Russian territory. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The harsh conditions of crab fishing in the Sea of Okhotsk is the subject of the most famous novel of the Japanese writer Takiji Kobayashi, The Crab Cannery Ship (1929). Jean-François de La Pérouse and William Robert Broughton were the first non-Russian European navigators known to have passed through these waters other than Maarten Gerritsz Vries. The Dutch captain Maarten Gerritsz Vries in the Breskens entered the Sea of Okhotsk from the south-east in 1643, and charted parts of the Sakhalin coast and Kurile Islands, but failed to realize that either Sakhalin or Hokkaido are islands. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The first and foremost Russian settlement on the shore was the port of Okhotsk, which relinquished commercial supremacy to Ayan in the 1840s. Some of the Sea of Okhotsk's islands are quite large, including Japan's second largest island, Hokkaido, as well as Russia's largest island, Sakhalin. These fall either under undisputed Japanese or Russian ownership or disputed ownership between Japan and Russia. Finde jüngste und vergangene Erdbeben in oder in der Nähe von Sea of Okhotsk in der tagesaktuellen Liste, im Archiv oder auf der interaktiven Karte. In the southern and southeastern parts, the average monthly air temperature is 19 °F (−7 °C) in February and 64 °F (18 °C) in August. Entdecken Sie Sea of Okhotsk von Treacherous Orchestra bei Amazon Music. The platform carried 67 people, of which 14 were rescued by the Magadan and the tugboat Natftogaz-55. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Find out more on Sputnik International. Created by NormanEinstein, October 24, 2005. In winter, the entire northern part of the Sea of Okhotsk is covered with ice, and in some places the ice cover lasts up to … Sende einen "Ich-habe-es-gespürt" Bericht, wenn Sie in der Nähe waren. Practically all of the sea's islands are either in coastal waters or belong to the various islands making up the Kuril Islands chain. They primarily caught right and bowhead whales. [3], Cold air from Siberia forms sea ice in the northwestern Sea of Okhotsk. In winter, navigation on the Sea of Okhotsk is impeded by ice floes. The sea is named after Okhotsk, the first Russian settlement in the Far East. Mamiya Rinzō and Gennady Nevelskoy determined that Sakhalin was indeed an island separated from the mainland by a narrow strait. The water of the Sea of Okhotsk consists of continental drainage, precipitation, and waters flowing from the Pacific Ocean through the straits of the Kuril Islands and from the Sea of Japan (East Sea) through the La Perouse (Sōya) Strait. Water flows from the Sea of Japan into the Sea of Okhotsk, accounting for the comparative warmth of its southwestern part. Sea of Okhotsk, Russian Okhotskoye More, or Ochotskoje More, northwestern arm of the Pacific Ocean, bounded on the west and north by the east coast of Asia from Cape Lazarev to the mouth of the Penzhina River, on the east and southeast by the Kamchatka Peninsula and the Kuril Islands, on the south by the northern coast of the Japanese island of Hokkaido, and on the southwest by Sakhalin Island. The Sea of Okhotsk is at the same latitude as the Gulf of Alaska, but unlike the Gulf, the sea freezes between October and March. Omissions? Sea of Okhotsk. The northeastern, northern, and western regions of the sea experience severe weather during the winter, because of the influence of the Asian continent; from October through April these areas experience very cold air temperatures, are constantly covered with ice, and have very little precipitation. During the Cold War, the Sea of Okhotsk was the scene of several successful U.S. Navy operations (including Operation Ivy Bells) to tap Soviet Navy undersea communications cables. The Second Kamchatka Expedition under Vitus Bering systematically mapped the entire coast of the sea, starting in 1733. Oktober 2005 (Original-Hochladedatum) Quelle: Die Autorenschaft wurde nicht in einer maschinell lesbaren Form angegeben. Sea of Okhotsk. Getty Images bietet exklusive rights-ready und erstklassige lizenzfreie analoge, HD- und 4K-Videos in höchster Qualität. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). [5], Shiretoko National Park on the Sea of Okhotsk coast of Hokkaido, Japan, The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Sea of Okhotsk as follows:[6]. Updates? The Sea of Okhotsk is the coldest sea of East Asia; in winter the climate and thermal regime over much of the region differ only slightly from those found in the Arctic. The Kuril islands were Japanese from 1855 and 1875 till the end of World War II in 1945. Bottom deposits in the Kuril Basin consist of a clay-diatom silt, whereas approaching the shore there are fine, silt-covered sands, coarse sands, and pebbles mixed together with mussel shells. The yearly precipitation averages 16 inches (400 mm) in the north, 28 inches (710 mm) in the west, and about 41 inches (1,040 mm) in the south and southeast. "Historical survey of the European whaling industry". The sea is bordered by Russia and Japan. [18][19][20], A marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, between the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Kuril Islands, the island of Hokkaido, the island of Sakhalin, and eastern Siberian coast. Okhotsk, Sea of (ōkŏtsk`), Rus. The Soviet Pacific Fleet used the sea as a ballistic missile submarine bastion,[15] a strategy that Russia continues. The Sea of Okhotsk formed within the past two million years through the combined action of repeated glaciation. Find out how deep your knowledge of oceans and seas goes with this quiz. /TASS/. Part of the western Pacific Ocean, the Sea of Okhotsk is bounded in the north by the Russian territories of Khabarovsk and Magadan, the Kamchatka Peninsula in the east, Sakhalin Island in the west, and the Kuril Islands and the Japanese island Nearly all of the other main islands—Shantar, Zavyalov, Spafaryev, Yam, and Tyuleny—are situated close to the shore; only Ion Island is in the open sea. For the most part, the continental shores are high and rocky, dissected by large rivers—the Amur, Tugur, Uda, Okhota, Gizhiga, and Penzhina. Its coastline is 37,653 km long, including the Baltic, the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea, the Pacific Ocean (Bering Strait, Bering Sea, Sea of Okhotsk, Sea of Japa n) and the Arctic Ocean (White Sea, Barents Sea, Kara Sea, Laptev Sea, East Siberian Sea and Chukchi Sea). Sea ice in the Sea of Okhotsk.jpg 2,930 × 3,055; 7.13 MB Sea of Ochotsk 151.75790E 53.57880N.jpg 1,280 × 958; 94 KB Sea of Okhotsk map he1.png 693 × 620; 124 KB This is a map showing the location of the Sea of Okhotsk, with nation states listed. Übersetzen Sie online den Begriff Sea of okhotsk nach Englisch und downloaden Sie jetzt unseren kostenlosen Übersetzer. 29 zones of possible oil and gas accumulation have been identified on the Sea of Okhotsk shelf, which runs along the coast. The Sea of Okhotsk is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, lying between the Kamchatka Peninsula on the east, the Kuril Islands on the southeast, the Japanese island of Hokkaidō to the south, the island of Sakhalin along the west, and a long stretch of eastern Siberian coast (including the Shantar Islands) along the west and north. Ice cover appears at the end of October and reaches its greatest extent in March. The northeastern, northern, and western regions of the sea experience severe weather during the winter, because of the influence of the Asian continent; from October through April these areas experience very cold air temperatures, are … Large quantities of continental sediment flow into the sea, primarily from the Amur River. In comparison, the shores of Hokkaido and Sakhalin islands are lower. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. During the summer months the sea is warmed to a depth of 100 to 165 feet (30 to 50 metres). American and European whaleships hunted whales in the sea in the 19th and early 20th centuries. In the northeastern part the average monthly air temperature during February is −4 °F (−20 °C), while in August the average is 54 °F (12 °C). If luck is on your side, it is possible to see ribbon seals, a rare species that is found only here. Before it was called the Kamchatka Sea, but now this name is considered obsolete. As the ice forms it expels salt into the deeper layers. xworld.cc. The harsh conditions of crab fishing in the Sea of Okhotsk is the subject of the most famous novel of the Japanese writer Takiji Kobayashi, The Crab Cannery Ship (1929). Population: 4,215 (2010 Census); 5,738 (2002 Census); 9,298 (1989 Census). The Sea of Okhotsk (オホーツク海, Ohōtsukukai) is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean that borders northern Japan and Russian Siberia, situated between Sakhalin Island, the Kamchatka Peninsula and Hokkaido. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Sea Of Okhotsk sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Sea Of Okhotsk in höchster Qualität. The Sea of Okhotsk is one of the world's richest in biological resources, with various kinds of fish, shellfish and crabs. The coldest months in the sea are January and February; the warmest are July and August. The salmon catch on the northern Japanese coast has fallen 70% in the last 15 years, while the Russian chum salmon catch has quadrupled. Finden Sie professionelle Videos zum Thema Sea Of Okhotsk sowie B-Roll-Filmmaterial, das Sie für die Nutzung in Film, Fernsehen, Werbefilm sowie für die Unternehmenskommunikation lizenzieren können. The distribution and thickness of ice floes depends on many factors: the location, the time of year, water currents, and the sea temperatures. miles) Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005. Positioned between the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Russian coastline, Sakhalin Island, the Japanese island of Hokkaido and the Kuril Islands, the Sea of Okhotsk is an extension of the North Pacific Ocean. The Russian-American Company all but monopolized the commercial navigation of the sea in the first half of the 19th century. The Sea of Okhotsk covers an area of 1,583,000 square kilometres (611,000 sq mi), with a mean depth of 859 metres (2,818 ft) and a maximum depth of 3,372 metres (11,063 ft). Bruce A. Elleman, Michael R. Nichols and Matthew J. Ouimet, Vaughan, R. (1984). This heavy water flows east toward the Pacific carrying oxygen and nutrients, supporting abundant sea life. Before discovering Iony Island, a refuge for many sea birds, do not miss the visit to Magadan and Okhotsk, two fishing towns at the heart of a region where the sea is teeming with fish. Where is the Puerto Rico Trench? The sea (and surrounding area) were also the scene of the Soviet attack on Korean Air Flight 007 in 1983. You will then sail on the Sea of Okhotsk, covered with ice for a large part of the year. The thickness of the cold-water layer fluctuates from a few feet in the southeastern part of the sea to 245 to 525 feet (75 to 160 metres) in the northwest. Warming inhibits the formation of sea ice and also drives fish populations north. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In the Japanese language, the sea has no traditional Japanese name despite its close location to the Japanese territories and is called Ohōtsuku-kai (オホーツク海), which is a transcription of the Russian name. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. In this northern sea winter navigation is usually difficult, and … The Sea of Okhotsk is one of the world's richest in biological resources, with various kinds of fish, shellfish and crabs. It is connected to the Sea of Japan on either side of Sakhalin: on the west through the Sakhalin Gulf and the Gulf of Tartary; on the south through the La Pérouse Strait. To the north and west of the sea, average monthly air temperature is −11 °F (−24 °C) in February and 57 °F (14 °C) in August. 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